Founded in Florence in 1860, a full year before the establishment of the modern Italian state, Giovanni Panerai built an office which incorporated a watchmaking school, a repair workshop and showroom. At the end of that century, Panerai moved to start working with leaders from the horological heartland of Switzerland. This saw the Swiss produce the movements, cases and parts before they were transported to Panerai’s Italian homeland.
Fast forward to the turn of the 20th century and Giovanni’s grandson, Guido established the company (known then as Guido Panerai & Figlio) as a supplier to the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina). While at first the focus of this agreement was on the production of items such as timing and contact triggers for mines, the relationship would soon develop and cemented Panerai’s reputation for military watchmaking. Panerai’s first task was to develop a self-sustaining light source which, through the use of radium, would be known as their patented “Radiomir” technology. The creation of Rolex’s Oyster sparked a whole new industry in the development of waterproof watches and an entirely new proposition for one of Panerai’s largest customers, the Regia Marina.
From 1936 to 1938, Panerai, Rolex, and Regia Marina worked together to create the model that would become the quintessential Panerai military tool watch, the 3646. The PAM1305 is a highly evolved version of this original tool watch. The PAM1305 comes with a perfectly versatile diving strap that’s can withstand most scenarios you could throw at this diver. The ratcheted bezel is also a pleasure to use and gives the real feel of a tool watch and a nod to the company’s rugged origins!